Unplanned urban growth: Reason behind urban flooding?
While in West, tropical storm Harvey has been the reason behind several deaths. This year, on Tuesday 29th August 2017, the financial capital of India, Mumbai witnessed its residents splashing through knee-deep water. ‘Mumbaikars’ reminded of the 2005 flood that left the city in a similar state of paralysis. Mumbai witnessed 331.4 mm rainfall on Tuesday, the heaviest since the 26 July 2005 record of 944 mm of rainfall which submerged the whole city and brought the metro city on knees.
Flooding in the urban areas is a thought-provoking problem. The similar type of mayhem was seen in Mumbai. While most of the part of India has waterlogged in flood-water this year, Gujarat and Assam were the severely affected states. According to UN report, an estimated $9.8 billion is a misfortune which India confronts each year due to natural disasters in which only $7 billion is due to flooding. Every year, all witnesses the problem of water logging but no concrete way has taken out by any government organization. Unplanned city planning, poor city growth, carelessness at all levels of government has left the cities to the whims of extreme climate and the impulses of an outrageous atmosphere. Illegal construction has also led to urban flooding as it blocks the channels resulting in frequent flooding.
Proactive actions from the municipal government are mandatory to address the impact of urban floods. Not a single house has a proper drainage system and this cannot be achieved without strict rules by municipal authorities and adequate planning of infrastructure. Metro cities as Delhi, Bangalore, and Mumbai are some of the major water stressed cities in the world. Nearly 15 people died in Mumbai and several are missing due to floods. This gives a clear indication of the poor working of Municipal Corporation. The Brihan Mumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has been an estimated Rs.12, 000 crores as a budget, yet it fails to take any initiative in upgrading the infrastructure. The massive spending lies in the settled store, uncovered by the main media house.
Flood is a serious indictment of the poor state of India’s Water Management. The greater parts of the Indian urban areas are water rare and are inclined to surge amid a rainstorm. Flood is a paradox and to curb this severe situation, it is the high time municipal corporation stop blaming climate change as the reason behind urban flooding and accept that the unplanned urban growth, neglect is the sole reason behind this havoc.
Author: Rahul Singh
College: Amity University, Lucknow
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