India at the UN Elections this Year By Zil Shah from CWC Law College
We are all aware of the rich history that is shared by India and the United Nations through several decades. In fact, this luminous journey has even been recorded and put into words by India’s then permanent representative, Mr. Asoke Mukerjee in his book, "India and The United Nations -- A Photo Journey: 1945-2015." While the title of the book is self explanatory, the content in certain parts explain the tumultuous journey that has been observed over the years. When the UN was formed in the year 1945, India was still a colony of the British Empire. However, being on the verge of its independence and in a premonition of its global importance, India became a full-fledged founding member of the organisation.
India was among the original members of the United Nations that signed the Declaration by United Nations at Washington, D.C. on 1 January 1942 and also participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. Over the years, the developing support by India to the UN can be seen by its involvement in the framing of the Charter, in the formation of various policies and specialised programmes as well as the dedicated efforts put in by the representatives of the country in obtaining the highly coveted seats of the Elections. This year, the story was no different. The re-elections for representation in two subsidiary bodies of the UN happened in the month of June 2017. India won the elections for representation in two subsidiary bodies of UN’s chief organ dealing with social and economic issues. This organ also known as the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) has a subsidiary body called the Committee for Programme and Co-ordination (CPC). India along with 12 other members bagged the representative rights for CPC in a more-than convincing ratio as 49 out of 50 members of the ECOSOC voted in its favour, making it the leader in the Asian group.
“India tops Asian group again @Un elections. 49 of 50 members of Economic & Social Council vote India to Committee for Program & Coordination,” India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador Syed Akbaruddin tweeted.
ECOSOC, one of the six main organs of the United Nations, is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for implementation of the internationally agreed development goals.
The General Assembly of the ECOSOC consists of 54 members elected for three year terms. These 54 member nations are allotted seats in consistency with their geographical mapping with fourteen seats allocated to African nations, eleven seats to Asian nations, six seats to Eastern European nations, ten to Latin America and Caribbean nations, and thirteen to Western European and other nations.
The other nations elected to form a part of the General Assembly of the ECOSOC for the term beginning January 2018 were Belarus, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Ghana, India, Ireland, Japan, Malawi, Mexico, Morocco, Philippines, Spain, Sudan, Togo, Turkey and Uruguay.
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