Mammoth Vote of Trust and Pervasive Victory of BJP
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The Indian democracy is undergoing paradigm shift due to changing the political setup. The voting power persists amongst the matured citizen who has actually seen and faced the functioning of government. Slowly the conventional parties are outcaste by the uprising Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP). Every party has its own ideology and based upon it people make the decision of choosing their public servant. The strength in the upper house seems to be on its way to reaching the majority for the BJP in next coming months to 68 seats due to the Modi wave, as every two-year one-third of the Rajya-sabha member retires. The performance of the incumbent parties in the respective state was dull in post-2014 Lok-Sabha election. The factors which are yielding this massive result includes no scam history till date since in power, promotion of government schemes like Swacch Bharat Abhiyan, Make in India, Startup India, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, etc. along with its simultaneous implementation and not just a paper tiger, further manifold increase in foreign investment and improvising of foreign relation as well. There are some states where despite no popular party face existed the party still won the election. Foreseeability is that hegemony may prevail sooner.
The boomerang of development agenda again hit the clumsy traditional political war in the State of U.P, which has the highest democratic constituencies in the country, comprising of approximately 79% Hindu, 19% Muslim, 0.3% Sikh, Buddhist 0.1% and 0.2% Christian whereas OBC constitutes 40%, Dalit 21% and Forward caste 22%. People were deranged by the unruly steps of the previous government. At the outset, there was a record-breaking win that goose-bumped local party. It shows how the people see through and they are rather more interested in real development and not the rhetoric practices. A demonstrative development era seems to be gone, like the inauguration of an expressway, the launch of a metro, free of cost ambulance just before the election is not the tactics that will be digested by the common man now and assuming that they won’t understand anything. There is a complete shift in the people’s ideology and the placards shuttered down. People’s choice seems to be contemplative but the parties failed to analyze the changing scenario. The incumbent government already had their support from Yadav and Jatav, while BJP was required to hit the non-appealed voters which turned out be a success. Prima facie delusions exist so they are faded. The record in previous Lok Sabha election was poor by the BJP but now its vote share has increased to 77.2% of total votes (312 of 403 seats). The vote share was reciprocated in 2017 UP election as it was in 2012 election.
Amidst Holi celebration the untarnished saffron lotus claimed victory. It shows that people from all communities had faith be it Muslims, Poor’s, farmers, OBC, Dalit and supports an inclusive government. The previous win registered for BJP in UP was 14 years back. The people weren’t satisfied by the discrepant of existing government as there was corruption, mafia raj, unemployment, not pro-farmer government, no women safety and justice. The people of UP have identified a nouveau leader under whose canopy they believe that they would be free from exigencies in the coming years.
Just gaining sympathy through the utterance of words like pitched, alpsankhyak, garib, religious minorities won’t fetch the vote unless there are policies which ought to benefit them and not just on paper. This mammoth vote of trust suggests that even for the next election the runners-up have to wait for some more years to be re-elected. The trick of calculative caste or religious vote was hammered down and the parties were surprised by the jack of lotus. Despite such healthy preparation it still becomes the conundrum for detriment. The result was due to the grieving of the common man for so long on not acting to their annoyance. The fissiparous strategy didn’t work this time. It was public resentment en bloc which leads to an underdog’s triumph.
Even the succor of alliance remained a flop show and in as much as incompetent because people’s will was demarcated. The election is also a sort of a game playing; applying right move at right time, a wrong step can cause a lot. The family feud before the election proved to be a nightmare for Samajwadi Party (SP). Media here pays a very vital role in the election time by making certain exposures and to portray the achievement as well as shortcomings of the present government. The despising of certain factors led to goof-up. The selection of the people also arrived at making scalp change and spurious promises needs reconsideration. The Recent report of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on Government at a Glance 2017 shows that 73% Indians have trust in their government which is third highest in the world. Now the votes are arriving from every community, religion or caste that means polarization has little influence over the people. Nowadays people are connecting digitally where social media is a platform to attract the votes from the youth. The current scenario is such that majority of voters are between 18-35 years of age. The policies and agendas of the present government are supported by the voters with full enthusiasm; even the celebrities and businessmen are conjoining their contribution.
From municipal election to parliament election, agenda of nationality is prevailing. For some aspects, there is political will but the opposition hinders the parliament process. In the Presidential election, cross voting indicates support for ideology and not the political party manifesto. In past few years, there has been an increase in voting percentage all over India. After demonetization, the reaction was that it was considered as a foul step and consequences would be negative in coming elections, but the reality was different.
Narendra Modi is a charismatic leader who has a tendency to attract the people and vote for him. Prime Minister frequently interacts with the citizens through Mann ki baat. His party has remained invincible in every election and its motto of Congress Mukt Bharat is simultaneously eradicating other regional parties as well. The strategizing was crucial in appealing for support. Many parties tried to make an alliance like in Bihar and U.P. but subsequently failed to make the difference. Even after winning the election through alliances, the government broke down after 20 months and again BJP came to power partially (at present BJP has a majority in 18 states). Probably in-party dispute was going on in other established parties, which became an advantage for BJP. The leader put forth for Chief Minister in every state has absolutely no disputed history and there is nothing to show malice against them. The Lok-Sabha and Rajya-Sabha proceedings showed an increase in working hours despite stiff opposition from the opposition. Albeit there are some core issues still existing like farmer’s suicide, education for all, women safety, delay in adjudication of cases, gender inequality, etc. which are changed miniscule after the charge of the new government. If the economy needs to boost it cannot remain with higher GDP growth for a long time unless the aforesaid issues are solved. India still faces violation of ceasefire from Pakistan and recently standoff between India and China in Sikkim is an example of porous boundaries from where terrorists enter the nation and cause unrest in the territory. This aspect remained unsolved over last 7 decades and the expectations with the present government were high but it is diluting. There is a transition in the helm, let’s hope for a better future and makeup towards their commitment prudently and expeditely.
Author: Harpal Parmar
College: RNPI School of Law, Sardar Patel School of Law
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